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Pydantic compatibility | Документация для разработчиков

Pydantic compatibility

Обновлено 4 марта 2024

LangChain Pydantic migration plan

As of langchain>=0.0.267, LangChain will allow users to install either Pydantic V1 or V2.

  • Internally LangChain will continue to use V1.
  • During this time, users can pin their pydantic version to v1 to avoid breaking changes, or start a partial migration using pydantic v2 throughout their code, but avoiding mixing v1 and v2 code for LangChain (see below).

User can either pin to pydantic v1, and upgrade their code in one go once LangChain has migrated to v2 internally, or they can start a partial migration to v2, but must avoid mixing v1 and v2 code for LangChain.

Below are two examples of showing how to avoid mixing pydantic v1 and v2 code in the case of inheritance and in the case of passing objects to LangChain.

Example 1: Extending via inheritance

YES

from pydantic.v1 import root_validator, validator

class CustomTool(BaseTool): # BaseTool is v1 code
x: int = Field(default=1)

def _run(*args, **kwargs):
return "hello"

@validator('x') # v1 code
@classmethod
def validate_x(cls, x: int) -> int:
return 1


CustomTool(
name='custom_tool',
description="hello",
x=1,
)

Mixing Pydantic v2 primitives with Pydantic v1 primitives can raise cryptic errors

NO

from pydantic import Field, field_validator # pydantic v2

class CustomTool(BaseTool): # BaseTool is v1 code
x: int = Field(default=1)

def _run(*args, **kwargs):
return "hello"

@field_validator('x') # v2 code
@classmethod
def validate_x(cls, x: int) -> int:
return 1


CustomTool(
name='custom_tool',
description="hello",
x=1,
)

Example 2: Passing objects to LangChain

YES

from langchain_core.tools import Tool
from pydantic.v1 import BaseModel, Field # <-- Uses v1 namespace

class CalculatorInput(BaseModel):
question: str = Field()

Tool.from_function( # <-- tool uses v1 namespace
func=lambda question: 'hello',
name="Calculator",
description="useful for when you need to answer questions about math",
args_schema=CalculatorInput
)

NO

from langchain_core.tools import Tool
from pydantic import BaseModel, Field # <-- Uses v2 namespace

class CalculatorInput(BaseModel):
question: str = Field()

Tool.from_function( # <-- tool uses v1 namespace
func=lambda question: 'hello',
name="Calculator",
description="useful for when you need to answer questions about math",
args_schema=CalculatorInput
)
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