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Message Memory in Agent backed by a database | Документация для разработчиков

Message Memory in Agent backed by a database

Обновлено 4 марта 2024

This notebook goes over adding memory to an Agent where the memory uses an external message store. Before going through this notebook, please walkthrough the following notebooks, as this will build on top of both of them:

In order to add a memory with an external message store to an agent we are going to do the following steps:

  1. We are going to create a RedisChatMessageHistory to connect to an external database to store the messages in.
  2. We are going to create an LLMChain using that chat history as memory.
  3. We are going to use that LLMChain to create a custom Agent.

For the purposes of this exercise, we are going to create a simple custom Agent that has access to a search tool and utilizes the ConversationBufferMemory class.

from langchain.agents import AgentExecutor, Tool, ZeroShotAgent
from langchain.chains import LLMChain
from langchain.memory import ConversationBufferMemory
from langchain_community.chat_message_histories import RedisChatMessageHistory
from langchain_community.utilities import GoogleSearchAPIWrapper
from langchain_openai import OpenAI
search = GoogleSearchAPIWrapper()
tools = [
Tool(
name="Search",
func=search.run,
description="useful for when you need to answer questions about current events",
)
]

Notice the usage of the chat_history variable in the PromptTemplate, which matches up with the dynamic key name in the ConversationBufferMemory.

prefix = """Have a conversation with a human, answering the following questions as best you can. You have access to the following tools:"""
suffix = """Begin!"

{chat_history}
Question: {input}
{agent_scratchpad}"""

prompt = ZeroShotAgent.create_prompt(
tools,
prefix=prefix,
suffix=suffix,
input_variables=["input", "chat_history", "agent_scratchpad"],
)

Now we can create the ChatMessageHistory backed by the database.

message_history = RedisChatMessageHistory(
url="redis://localhost:6379/0", ttl=600, session_id="my-session"
)

memory = ConversationBufferMemory(
memory_key="chat_history", chat_memory=message_history
)

We can now construct the LLMChain, with the Memory object, and then create the agent.

llm_chain = LLMChain(llm=OpenAI(temperature=0), prompt=prompt)
agent = ZeroShotAgent(llm_chain=llm_chain, tools=tools, verbose=True)
agent_chain = AgentExecutor.from_agent_and_tools(
agent=agent, tools=tools, verbose=True, memory=memory
)
agent_chain.run(input="How many people live in canada?")
    

> Entering new AgentExecutor chain...
Thought: I need to find out the population of Canada
Action: Search
Action Input: Population of Canada
Observation: The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. · Canada ... Additional information related to Canadian population trends can be found on Statistics Canada's Population and Demography Portal. Population of Canada (real- ... Index to the latest information from the Census of Population. This survey conducted by Statistics Canada provides a statistical portrait of Canada and its ... 14 records ... Estimated number of persons by quarter of a year and by year, Canada, provinces and territories. The 2021 Canadian census counted a total population of 36,991,981, an increase of around 5.2 percent over the 2016 figure. ... Between 1990 and 2008, the ... ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations ... Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from ... Population. • Q4 2022 estimate. 39,292,355 (37th). Information is available for the total Indigenous population and each of the three ... The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada ... Jun 14, 2022 ... Determinants of health are the broad range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine individual and population ... COVID-19 vaccination coverage across Canada by demographics and key populations. Updated every Friday at 12:00 PM Eastern Time.
Thought: I now know the final answer
Final Answer: The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
> Finished AgentExecutor chain.
    'The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.'

To test the memory of this agent, we can ask a followup question that relies on information in the previous exchange to be answered correctly.

agent_chain.run(input="what is their national anthem called?")
    

> Entering new AgentExecutor chain...
Thought: I need to find out what the national anthem of Canada is called.
Action: Search
Action Input: National Anthem of Canada
Observation: Jun 7, 2010 ... https://twitter.com/CanadaImmigrantCanadian National Anthem O Canada in HQ - complete with lyrics, captions, vocals & music.LYRICS:O Canada! Nov 23, 2022 ... After 100 years of tradition, O Canada was proclaimed Canada's national anthem in 1980. The music for O Canada was composed in 1880 by Calixa ... O Canada, national anthem of Canada. It was proclaimed the official national anthem on July 1, 1980. “God Save the Queen” remains the royal anthem of Canada ... O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all of us command. Car ton bras sait porter l'épée,. Il sait porter la croix! "O Canada" (French: Ô Canada) is the national anthem of Canada. The song was originally commissioned by Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Théodore Robitaille ... Feb 1, 2018 ... It was a simple tweak — just two words. But with that, Canada just voted to make its national anthem, “O Canada,” gender neutral, ... "O Canada" was proclaimed Canada's national anthem on July 1,. 1980, 100 years after it was first sung on June 24, 1880. The music. Patriotic music in Canada dates back over 200 years as a distinct category from British or French patriotism, preceding the first legal steps to ... Feb 4, 2022 ... English version: O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all of us command. With glowing hearts we ... Feb 1, 2018 ... Canada's Senate has passed a bill making the country's national anthem gender-neutral. If you're not familiar with the words to “O Canada,” ...
Thought: I now know the final answer.
Final Answer: The national anthem of Canada is called "O Canada".
> Finished AgentExecutor chain.
    'The national anthem of Canada is called "O Canada".'

We can see that the agent remembered that the previous question was about Canada, and properly asked Google Search what the name of Canada's national anthem was.

For fun, let's compare this to an agent that does NOT have memory.

prefix = """Have a conversation with a human, answering the following questions as best you can. You have access to the following tools:"""
suffix = """Begin!"

Question: {input}
{agent_scratchpad}"""

prompt = ZeroShotAgent.create_prompt(
tools, prefix=prefix, suffix=suffix, input_variables=["input", "agent_scratchpad"]
)
llm_chain = LLMChain(llm=OpenAI(temperature=0), prompt=prompt)
agent = ZeroShotAgent(llm_chain=llm_chain, tools=tools, verbose=True)
agent_without_memory = AgentExecutor.from_agent_and_tools(
agent=agent, tools=tools, verbose=True
)
agent_without_memory.run("How many people live in canada?")
    

> Entering new AgentExecutor chain...
Thought: I need to find out the population of Canada
Action: Search
Action Input: Population of Canada
Observation: The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. · Canada ... Additional information related to Canadian population trends can be found on Statistics Canada's Population and Demography Portal. Population of Canada (real- ... Index to the latest information from the Census of Population. This survey conducted by Statistics Canada provides a statistical portrait of Canada and its ... 14 records ... Estimated number of persons by quarter of a year and by year, Canada, provinces and territories. The 2021 Canadian census counted a total population of 36,991,981, an increase of around 5.2 percent over the 2016 figure. ... Between 1990 and 2008, the ... ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations ... Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from ... Population. • Q4 2022 estimate. 39,292,355 (37th). Information is available for the total Indigenous population and each of the three ... The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada ... Jun 14, 2022 ... Determinants of health are the broad range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine individual and population ... COVID-19 vaccination coverage across Canada by demographics and key populations. Updated every Friday at 12:00 PM Eastern Time.
Thought: I now know the final answer
Final Answer: The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
> Finished AgentExecutor chain.
    'The current population of Canada is 38,566,192 as of Saturday, December 31, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.'
agent_without_memory.run("what is their national anthem called?")
    

> Entering new AgentExecutor chain...
Thought: I should look up the answer
Action: Search
Action Input: national anthem of [country]
Observation: Most nation states have an anthem, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism"; most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. List of all countries around the world with its national anthem. ... Title and lyrics in the language of the country and translated into English, Aug 1, 2021 ... 1. Afghanistan, "Milli Surood" (National Anthem) · 2. Armenia, "Mer Hayrenik" (Our Fatherland) · 3. Azerbaijan (a transcontinental country with ... A national anthem is a patriotic musical composition symbolizing and evoking eulogies of the history and traditions of a country or nation. National Anthem of Every Country ; Fiji, “Meda Dau Doka” (“God Bless Fiji”) ; Finland, “Maamme”. (“Our Land”) ; France, “La Marseillaise” (“The Marseillaise”). You can find an anthem in the menu at the top alphabetically or you can use the search feature. This site is focussed on the scholarly study of national anthems ... Feb 13, 2022 ... The 38-year-old country music artist had the honor of singing the National Anthem during this year's big game, and she did not disappoint. Oldest of the World's National Anthems ; France, La Marseillaise (“The Marseillaise”), 1795 ; Argentina, Himno Nacional Argentino (“Argentine National Anthem”) ... Mar 3, 2022 ... Country music star Jessie James Decker gained the respect of music and hockey fans alike after a jaw-dropping rendition of "The Star-Spangled ... This list shows the country on the left, the national anthem in the ... There are many countries over the world who have a national anthem of their own.
Thought: I now know the final answer
Final Answer: The national anthem of [country] is [name of anthem].
> Finished AgentExecutor chain.
    'The national anthem of [country] is [name of anthem].'
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