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NetworkX | Документация для разработчиков

NetworkX

Обновлено 6 марта 2024

NetworkX is a Python package for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and functions of complex networks.

This notebook goes over how to do question answering over a graph data structure.

Setting up

We have to install a Python package.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet  networkx

Create the graph

In this section, we construct an example graph. At the moment, this works best for small pieces of text.

from langchain.indexes import GraphIndexCreator
from langchain_openai import OpenAI
index_creator = GraphIndexCreator(llm=OpenAI(temperature=0))
with open("../../../modules/state_of_the_union.txt") as f:
all_text = f.read()

We will use just a small snippet, because extracting the knowledge triplets is a bit intensive at the moment.

text = "\n".join(all_text.split("\n\n")[105:108])
text
    'It won’t look like much, but if you stop and look closely, you’ll see a “Field of dreams,” the ground on which America’s future will be built. \nThis is where Intel, the American company that helped build Silicon Valley, is going to build its $20 billion semiconductor “mega site”. \nUp to eight state-of-the-art factories in one place. 10,000 new good-paying jobs. '
graph = index_creator.from_text(text)

We can inspect the created graph.

graph.get_triples()
    [('Intel', '$20 billion semiconductor "mega site"', 'is going to build'),
('Intel', 'state-of-the-art factories', 'is building'),
('Intel', '10,000 new good-paying jobs', 'is creating'),
('Intel', 'Silicon Valley', 'is helping build'),
('Field of dreams',
"America's future will be built",
'is the ground on which')]

Querying the graph

We can now use the graph QA chain to ask question of the graph

from langchain.chains import GraphQAChain
chain = GraphQAChain.from_llm(OpenAI(temperature=0), graph=graph, verbose=True)
chain.run("what is Intel going to build?")
    

> Entering new GraphQAChain chain...
Entities Extracted:
Intel
Full Context:
Intel is going to build $20 billion semiconductor "mega site"
Intel is building state-of-the-art factories
Intel is creating 10,000 new good-paying jobs
Intel is helping build Silicon Valley

> Finished chain.
    ' Intel is going to build a $20 billion semiconductor "mega site" with state-of-the-art factories, creating 10,000 new good-paying jobs and helping to build Silicon Valley.'

Save the graph

We can also save and load the graph.

graph.write_to_gml("graph.gml")
from langchain.indexes.graph import NetworkxEntityGraph
loaded_graph = NetworkxEntityGraph.from_gml("graph.gml")
loaded_graph.get_triples()
    [('Intel', '$20 billion semiconductor "mega site"', 'is going to build'),
('Intel', 'state-of-the-art factories', 'is building'),
('Intel', '10,000 new good-paying jobs', 'is creating'),
('Intel', 'Silicon Valley', 'is helping build'),
('Field of dreams',
"America's future will be built",
'is the ground on which')]
loaded_graph.get_number_of_nodes()
loaded_graph.add_node("NewNode")
loaded_graph.has_node("NewNode")
loaded_graph.remove_node("NewNode")
loaded_graph.get_neighbors("Intel")
loaded_graph.has_edge("Intel", "Silicon Valley")
loaded_graph.remove_edge("Intel", "Silicon Valley")
loaded_graph.clear_edges()
loaded_graph.clear()
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